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Table of Contents

  1. Hemp Paper Videos
  2. Hemp Plastic Videos
  3. Hemp Paper History
  4. Hemp Products
  5. USDA Bulletin #404
  6. Recycled Hemp Paper
  7. Hemp Plastics
    1. Invention of Plastic
    2. Petrochemical Plastics
    3. Dupont Plastics
    4. Mercedes Parts
  8. Hurds, Pulp & Lignin
    1. Hurds
    2. Pulp
    3. Lignin
    4. Wood Pulp
    5. Pulping Process
  9. GMO Trees
  10. Hemp Radio Show

Related Resources

ANYTHING made from hydrocarbon fossil fuels,
could be made from organic carbohydrates!

"Why use up the forests which were centuries in the making and the mines which required ages to lay down, if we can get the equivalent of forest and mineral products in the annual growth of the hemp fields?"
Henry Ford

Benjamin Franklin started one of America's first paper mills with cannabis, allowing a colonial press free from English control. The oldest papers still around were from 770 AD, and lasted this long because Babylonians and Asyrians used hemp paper. Hemp is the longest lasting paper for archives and books because it's a 2x-3x stronger fiber. The Declaration of independence drafts were written on RECYCLED paper made from hemp rags. The FIRST Gutenberg Bible was printed on hemp paper by Johannes Gutenberg circa 1455, so was the FIRST King James Bible begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

USDA Bulletin #404 Hemp Hurds as paper Making Material said 4x more yield than trees for paper. On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much paper as 2 to 4 acres of trees. From tissue paper to cardboard, all types of paper products can be produced from hemp. Global demand for paper will double within 25 years. Unless tree-free sources of paper are developed, there is no way to meet future demand without causing massive deforestation and environmental damage. Hemp is the world's most promising source of tree-free paper.

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Long History of Hemp Paper

Benjamin Franklin started one of America's first paper mills with cannabis, allowing a colonial press free from English control. The oldest papers still around were from 770 AD, and lasted this long because Babylonians and Asyrians used hemp paper. Hemp is the longest lasting paper for archives and books because it's a 2x-3x stronger fiber.

The Declaration of independence drafts were written on RECYCLED paper made from hemp rags. The FIRST Gutenberg Bible was printed on hemp paper by Johannes Gutenberg circa 1455, so was the FIRST King James Bible begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

"All schoolbooks were made from hemp or flax paper until the 1880s"
– Hemp Paper Reconsidered, Jack Frazier, 1974.

Hemp is 100% RecyclableHemp Products

  • Paper, printing paper, fine papers, newsprint, filter papers
  • Cardboard, organic biodegradable packaging
  • All plastics from cellophane to dynamite
  • Composites like the body for a Mercedes or a Stealth Bomber
  • Insulation, fiberglass
  • Wood: 2x4s, structural wood, fiberboard
  • Cement blocks, stucco, mortar
  • Animal bedding, mulch, mushroom compost

Lotus Hempmobile
USDA Bulletin #404 Hemp Hurds as paper Making Material said 4x more yield than trees for paper. On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much paper as 2 to 4 acres of trees. From tissue paper to cardboard, all types of paper products can be produced from hemp. Global demand for paper will double within 25 years. Unless tree-free sources of paper are developed, there is no way to meet future demand without causing massive deforestation and environmental damage. Hemp is the world's most promising source of tree-free paper.

The quality of hemp paper is superior to tree-based paper. Hemp paper will last hundreds of years without degrading, can be recycled many more times than tree-based paper, and requires less toxic chemicals in the manufacturing process than does paper made from trees.

Thousands of products made from petroleum-based plastics can be produced from hemp-based composites. Mercedes Benz of Germany has recently begun manufacturing automobile bodies and dashboards made from hemp.

Australia is giving their national forests away by selling their trees for $70-$80/ton - while RENEWABLE Hemp would easily fetch $400/ton.

 

Recycled Paper Made From Hemp

Hemp Notebook The Declaration of Independence was Originally Drafted on Hemp Paper
Original Gutenberg Bibles Printed on Hemp Paper

 

Plastics Made From Industial Hemp

Henry For's Hemp Plastic Car
Did you know in the 1900s most cars were electric? Nikola Tesla invented an electric car in 1931 and Henry Ford built a plastic Model-T car in 1941 (shown in the photo on the left) out of hemp plastic, with extruded plastic 10x stronger than steel - and Ford's car ran on hemp vegetable oil ethanol or methanol...

Needless to say a few greedy traitors sabotaged our nation's progress, to personally profit from selling scarce death-based OIL, their prized monopoly. Now we are surrounded by THEIR toxic fossil fuels - we burn coal for electricity, natural gas (that comes up WITH the oil) for heat,

ONLY half of USA oil imports goes into gasoline fuels, the other half makes PLASTICS: Your carpet, paint, almost everything you own (that isn't REAL leather, wood, or metal) - is most likely made out of toxic petroleum oil that offgases dioxin and a mess of other problems such as oil wars - even your plastic toothbrush you clean your mouth with is made out of petroleum oil. The pleather activists would flip if they only knew the Truth about how many children die of starvation and cancer to make sure our fake-fur is made out of OIL!

The Invention of Plastic

John Wesley Hyatt was one of the seminal inventor-entrepreneurs associated with our modern plastics industry. Born in 1837 in a small hamlet, Starkey, on the west side of Seneca Lake in New York's Finger Lakes region, he became a successful developer of several diverse enterprise. Among them were the Embossing Company, the Albany Dental Plate Company, the Celluloid Manufacturing Company and the Albany Billiard Ball Company, all located in Albany, New York, in the late 1860s and early 1870s.

His brothers, Charles and Isiah, were partners in these enterprises. John and Isiah reestablished the Celluloid Manufacturing Company in Newark, New Jersey in 1872, the year in which Celluloid was commercially marketed. Later, the two brothers founded the Hyatt Pure Water Company in 1881, and in 1891 John established the Hyatt Roller Bearing Company in Harrison, New Jersey.

During the 1890s he tried to convert spent sugar cane, a waste byproduct of sugar refining, into fuel. And in 1900, at the age of 63, he created a new type of sewing machine that was capable of sewing fifty lockstitches at once. Hyatt was issued over two hundred patents, a remarkable total exceeded by few others including his fellow New Jersey inventor, Thomas Alva Edison. Hyatt received the Perkin medal in 1914. However, it is for his achievements as the first successful manufacturer of a plastic material that he is recognized today.

Prompted by a prize of $10,000 for anyone who could create a substitute for ivory in billiard balls, Hyatt fabricated the first semi-synthetic material, Celluloid. This new material was a mixture of nitrocellulose and camphor to which heat and pressure had been applied. What resulted was somewhat flammable and thus is applications were limited. However, this limitation led others to develop new polymeric materials. Hyatt's pioneering plastics business, the Celluloid Manufacturing Company, was acquired by the Celanese Corporation in 1927, later to become part of the Hoechst-Celanese Corporation. Hyatt, himself, died in Short Hills, New Jersey in 1920.

Building a Petrochemical Plastics Industry

Making billiard balls from an alternate material to ivory had been John Wesley Hyatt's goal. Later this new product, Celluloid, found a more pervasive application in men's shirt collars and cuffs. And in-Leominster, Massachusetts (then the comb capital of North America) Celluloid was to replace tortoise shells and animal bones as the basic material from which combs were crafted. Bernard W. Doyle, a Leominster entrepreneur, established the Viscoloid Corporation in 1900 to manufacture Celluloid, initially for the numerous comb manufacturers in and around the region.

Dupont Plastics = Rockefeller Oil

A quarter century later, Viscoloid was acquired by DuPont, which had also acquired the Arlington Company, then the main rival of Hyatt's Celluloid Co. in 1915. The other major pioneer in Celluloid manufacture was the Fiberloid Company, first of Newburyport and later, Springfield, Mass. It was acquired in the late 1930s by Monsanto. Thus Celluloid (and its creator, John Wesley Hyatt) can be credited as key factors upon which three international petrochemical giants, IG Farben's Hoechst-Celanese, DuPont, and Monsanto, can trace much of their initial success in polymers and plastics. Since that quest for an ivory substitute a little over 125 years ago, Celluloid has given way to literally hundreds of modern plastic materials, each with special properties and applications. Ping Pong balls are among the few items still fashioned out of Celluloid today.

Lotus Eco Elise
Mercedes Plastic Hemp Parts Mercedes C-Class Plastic Hemp Parts

 

Hurds, Pulp, & Lignin

Hurds are also known as shives, the hurd is the woody material found in the center of the hemp stalk. The hurd is rich in cellulose, a carbohydrate that can be made into paper, packaging and building materials, as well as plastic composites for making skate boards and auto bodies.

As long ago as 450 BC the Scythians and Thracians made hemp linens. The Chinese first used hemp for paper making in 100 AD. Hempen sails, caulking and rigging launched a thousand ships during the Age of Discovery in the 15th Century. Drafts of the American Declaration of Independence were printed on rag papers that undoubtedly contained (recycled) hemp. The USDA calculated in 1914 that hemp hurds could make 4x as much paper per acre as trees.

Pulp is a dry fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically (decordication) separating fibers from wood, fiber crops or waste paper.

Lignin or lignen is a complex chemical compound most commonly derived from wood - one of the most abundant organic polymers on Earth, exceeded only by cellulose, employing 30% of non-fossil organic carbon. Lignin fills the spaces in the cell wall between cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin components

Canada being the largest source at 21% of the total, followed by the US at 16%. Chemical pulp made up 93% of market pulp

Wood pulp comes from softwood trees such as spruce, pine, fir, larch and hemlock, and hardwoods such as eucalyptus, aspen and birch. bleached to produce a white paper product. The chemicals used to bleach pulp have been a source of environmental concern, and recently the pulp industry has been using alternatives to chlorine, such as chlorine dioxide, oxygen, ozone and hydrogen peroxide.

Trees raised specifically for pulp production account for 16% of world pulp production, old growth forests account for 9%, and second- and third- and more generation forests account for the rest. Reforestation is practiced in most areas, so trees are a RENEWABLE resource - NOT.

 

The Pulping Process

The use of wood to make pulp for paper began with the development of mechanical pulping in Germany by F.G. Keller in the 1840s. By 1900 sulfite pulping had become the dominant means of producing wood pulp, surpassing mechanical pulping methods.

The sulfite process produces wood pulp which is almost pure cellulose fibers by using various salts of sulfurous acid to extract the lignin from wood chips in large pressure vessels called digesters. The salts used in the pulping process are either sulfites (SO32−), or bisulfites (HSO3−), depending on the pH. The counter ion can be sodium (Na+), calcium (Ca2+), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg2+) or ammonium (NH4+).

The competing chemical pulping process, the sulfate or kraft process was developed by Carl F. Dahl in 1879 and the first kraft mill started (in Sweden) in 1890. It used magnesium as the counter ionThe kraft process (also known as kraft pulping or sulfate process) describes a technology for conversion of wood into wood pulp consisting of almost pure cellulose fibers. The process entails treatment of wood chips with a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide, known as white liquor, that break the bonds that link lignin to the cellulose.

 

GMO Trees & GMO Forests

The Earth is in danger of biological contamination from GMO trees and GMO forests that use terminator seed technology, and are widely considered contaminants, or pest plants.

STOP Deforestation!
The dangers posed by GM trees are in some ways even more serious than those posed by GM crops. In spite of the uncertainties and potential risks, forestry scientists are busily playing with genes to "improve" trees. Of course, what they do in reality is to change some of the trees' characteristics to better serve the interests of those that fund their research, in order to improve the profitability of the businesses involved. The fact is that genetically engineering trees constitutes a further step forward … in the wrong direction. Apart from generating new risks and uncertainties, GM tree plantations will exacerbate the existing impacts of large scale tree monocultures.

Save a forest! Grow a field!
Hemp Makes Cents / Sense / Scents!

 

OTG Radio Show About Industrial Hemp

Industrial Hemp #1 - #4
Religion, Soil, Biomass

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Hemp Products #5 - #7
Fabric, Paper, Plastic, Food

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Hemp Chemicals #8
BioFuel: Gasoline & Soaps

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Hemp Homes #9 & #10
Organic Shelter & Medicinal

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